Wine classification. How to distinguish high-quality European wine from the cheap

how known, the best winemakers are masters from France, some regions Spain and Italy. However, not always made in France inscription on the bottle guarantees high quality wine. In order to with high probability to get really good european wine, you need to know some rules adopted in Europe.

Along with with color and sugar content, for a number of South American and European countries has a big role wine classification depending on geographic area. Despite favorable climatic conditions, old traditions and quality control, not all regions of the same Italy are equally suitable for growing certain varieties grapes.

Understand in European wines will help a single classification of wine, which in large degrees correspond to the internal classifications of Italy, Spain and France, then there are leading countries in the field of winemaking.

Simplified European wine classification

  • The cheapest and, accordingly, low quality are table wines that are missing from the label reference to binding to some region or district. This category is called Wine without Geographical Indication.

  • Wines are a step higher in quality Wine with Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) categories, i.e. produced from grapes grown within a certain wine region.

  • The best are wines made not just from grapes of a particular locality, but also having passed a certain control to product quality. They are referred to as Wine with Protected Designation of Origin (PDO), and it is this inscription on the label that will tell you what is in front of you really quality wine.

Winery areas of European countries

AT Each wine country has several regions, of which wine is considered especially good. For France, it's Champagne, Beaujolais, Burgundy, Alsace-Lorraine, Provence, Armagnac, Calvados, Bordeaux, Languedoc. Actually their names are known all over the world.

For Spain is Andalusia, Madrid, Balearic Islands, Catalonia, Castile, Navarre.

Italy famous for Piedmont, Lombardy, Veneto, Tuscany, Lazio, Trentino.

However, keep in mind the names of all geographical areas completely surely, the already mentioned classification of wine will help to quickly figure out the degree of quality of any wine made in Europe. Of course, with it you don’t you can determine the taste or bouquet, but at least avoid disappointment from acquisitions of low-grade wine.