Types of wines
Choosing a good wine often becomes a daunting task; there are too many types, varieties and classifications of wine, which, if not impossible, then at least difficult to understand.
We do not seek to compile a detailed guide in which it will be possible to find information about any, even the most exotic form of wine, but before you make a purchase, it’s better to get the necessary minimum of information that we want to present.
Types of wines depending on color
First of all, consider the types of wine by color. As you know, wines are divided into red, white and pink. The color of the drink is determined by the production technology.
The raw material for the red varieties is “black” grapes, the berries of which are sent under the press along with the skin. Enzymes contained in the skin are the reason for the acquisition of red wine.
In the production of white wines, grapes are peeled and the drink is light.
Rosé wine is usually obtained by direct pressing, in which the juice quickly dyes.
Regardless of the color of the wine, in most cases black grape varieties are used for its production. White and pink grapes are not as popular as is commonly believed.
Read more about the classification of European wines.
Types of wine depending on sugar content
Sugar content is perhaps the second most important parameter that will help to understand what kind of table or fortified wines the drink belongs to before the tasting begins.
There are four main types of wine: table, fortified (special), flavored and sparkling. Dry table share accounts for most of the sales, but other types of wine are very popular.
Table wines are divided into:
- Dry wines, with a sugar content in the range of 0.3%, or up to 3 grams per liter. Alcohol accounts for 9-13% of the volume
- Semi-dry wines, with a sugar content in the range of 5-30 grams per liter, alcohol - 9-13% of the volume.
- Semisweet wines, with a sugar content in the range of 30 - 80 grams per liter, alcohol - 9-12% of the volume.
Fortified (special) wines include:
- Strong wines with a sugar content in the range of 30 - 120 grams per liter, alcohol - 17-21%.
- Sweet wines, with sugar content in the range of 150 grams per liter, alcohol - 14-20% of the volume.
- Semi-dessert wines with a sugar content in the range of 50 - 120 grams per liter, alcohol - 14-16% of the volume.
- Dessert wines with a sugar content in the range of 160 - 200 grams per liter, alcohol - 15-17% of the volume.
- Liquor wines with a sugar content in the range of 210 - 300 grams per liter, alcohol - 12-16% of the volume.
Flavored and sparkling wines (champagne, brut) do not have a large number of species.
On this topic, the variety of wines can hardly be considered closed, because there are a number of classifications and divisions by variety, which you can read about on our site.